Thursday, January 8, 2009

(44) Hazrat Zaynab S.A

My new post is wallpaper about Hazrat Zaynab (SA) thus I thought with
myself to put some words about Hazrat Zaynab (SA) that help us to find the value
of wallpaper's subject.

Queen Zainab (AS)


Name: Zainab

Title: Siddiqa-e-Sughra

Kunyat: Umm-ul-Massaib

Born at: Medina on 5th Jamadi ul Awwal

Fathers Name. Hazrat Ali-Al-Murtaza (AS)

Mother's Name: Janab e Fatema Zahra (AS)


Hazrat Zaynab (SA) and Karbala

At the death of the Mu’awiyah I, Imam Hussein (AS) set out from Medina to
Kufa to claim the leadership of the Muslim community. Hazrat Zaynab (SA)
accompanied him, as did most of his household. After Imam Hussein’s death at the
Battle of Karbala, Hazrat Zaynab (SA) was taken prisoner by the army of Yazid I,
Mu’awiyah’s son and successor. Hazrat Zaynab (SA) and the other survivors of
Imam Hussein’s expedition, most of them women and children, were marched to
Damascus, Yazid’s capital, where they were held prisoner. Hazrat Zaynab (SA) was
in anguish due to the death of her brother Imam Hussein (AS) and her sons Aun
and Muhammad.

Eventually Yazid released his captives and allowed them to return to
Medina. It is said that Hazrat Zaynab (SA) did not long survive the return, and
died circa 682 CE. The anniversary of her death is said to be either the 11th or
21st of Jamadi uth-thani, the 24th of Safar, or the 16th of Dhu’l-Hijjah.


Lecture in Kufa

On Muharram 11 (October 11, 680 CE), all captives including all women and
children were loaded onto camels without neither saddle nor sunshade and were
moved toward Kufa. And when they approached Kufa, its people gathered to see
them. Some women of Kufa gathered veils for them upon knowing that they are
relatives of the Prophet Muhammad (S).

Hazrat Zaynab (SA) pointed at the people to be quiet. Everybody halted
and kept silent. Then she addressed the people of Kufa:

The praise is exclusively attributed to Allah. And greetings to my father
(grand father), Muhammad, and to his pure and benevolent family. And then, Oh
people of Kufa! Oh deceitful and reneger people! Do you weep? So let tears not
be dried and let groans not be finished. ... Beware, such a bad preparation you
have made for yourself that Allah became furious of you and you will be at
punishment forever. Do you weep and cry? Yeah, by Allah, do weep numerously and
do laugh less! Since you brought its shame and fault on yourself and you will
not be able to cleanse it forever…


Lecture in Damascus

Yazid I recited the blasphemous poetic verses of Abdullah bin Zab’ari
Sahmi which he had composed while he was an unbeliever and also added some
poetic verses of his own and said openly that he wanted to take revenge upon the
descendants of the Prophet Muhammad (S) because the Prophet Muhammad (S) and his
companions had killed his polytheist ancestors.

Hazrat Zaynab (SA) rose and began speaking and said:

 “O Yazid! Allah and His Prophet have said that committing sins and
considering the signs of Allah to be false is ridiculing them”, i.e. deny the
sign of Allah today and hold them in derision and have become happy, and recite
poetic verses on account of the martyrdom of the children of the Holy Prophet
just as the polytheists of Mecca became happy and sang songs because of the
martyrdom of some Muslims in the Battle of Uhud, and talk about taking revenge
upon the Holy Prophet. This is how you become like them and how you have reached
this stage? You have reached this stage because you have committed too many
sins. Whoever treads the path of sin and persists in committing sins will,
according to the verdict of the Quran, deny the signs of Allah one day and
eventually will ridicule them and then deserve Divine punishment.

She added: “O Yazid! Do you think that we have become humble and
despicable owing to the martyrdom of our people and our own captivity? As you
have blocked all the paths for us, and we have been made captives and are being
taken from one place to another, do you think that Allah has taken away his
blessings from us? Do you think that by killing the godly persons you have
become great and respectable and the Almighty looks at you with special grace
and kindness? For this reason and on account of this wrong thinking you have
become elated and arrogant. You have become boastful because you have seen that
the matters have taken a turn in your favor. You have, however, forgotten what
Allah says: The disbelievers must not think that Our respite is for their good
We only give them time to let them increase their sins. For them there will be a
humiliating torment.” (The Holy Quran, Surah 3: Verse 178)

Then lady Hazrat Zaynab (SA) reminded Yazid that on the day of the
conquest of Mecca which took place in 8 AH the Prophet Muhammad (S) did favor to
all the men and women of Mecca and set them free. Yazid himself was a descendant
of those very freed persons. His father Mu’awiya, his grandfather Abu Sufyan and
Mu’awiya’s mother were among those who were set free at the time of the conquest
of Mecca. On that day the Prophet Muhammad (S) set all of them free irrespective
of what they had done in the past and said: “Go, for all of you are free”.

In the second part of her speech the daughter of Imam Ali made the
conquest of Mecca her topic and said: “O son of the freed ones! Is it justice
that you keep your women and slave-girls in seclusion but have made the helpless
daughters of the Holy Prophet ride on swift camels and given them in the hands
of their enemies so that they may take them from one city to another”.

Then she said: “Why shouldn’t Yazid be spiteful against us, it is he, who
looks at us with hostility. You say with perfect intrepidity and without
imagining that you are committing a sin: ‘I wish that my ancestors who were
killed in Badr had been present here today’. Then you strike Imam Hussein in his
teeth with a stick in your hand! Why shouldn’t you be like this, although you
have done what you wanted to do and have pulled out the roots of piety and
virtue! You have shed the blood of the sons of the Holy Prophet and have hidden
the brilliant stars on the earth from amongst the descendants of Abdul Muttalib
under the clouds of oppression and injustice. However, you shall go before Allah
soon. You shall meet your ancestors and shall also be taken to their place. At
that time you will wish that you had been blind and dumb and had not said that
it was a day of rejoicing for your ancestors”.

At this stage the daughter of Imam Ali (AS) prayed to Allah and said: “O
Lord! Procure our right and take revenge upon those who have oppressed us”. Then
she turned to Yazid and said: “By Allah you have pulled off your skin and cut
off your flesh. You will soon go before the Prophet of Allah and will see with
your own eyes that his children are in Paradise. It will be the day when Allah
will deliver the descendants of the Holy Prophet from the state of being
scattered and will bring all of them together in Paradise. This is the promise
which Allah has made in the Holy Quran. He says: Do not think of those who are
slain for the cause of Allah as dead. They are alive with their Lord and receive
sustenance from Him. (The Holy Quran, Surah 3: Verse 169.)

O Yazid! On the day when Allah will be the Judge and Muhammad will be the
petitioner, and your limbs will give evidence against you, your father, who made
you the ruler of the Muslims, will receive His punishment. On that day it will
become known what reward the oppressors earn, whose position is worse and whose
party is more humble. O enemy of Allah and O son of the enemy of Allah! I swear
by Allah that I consider you to be humble and not fit even to be reprimanded and
reproached. But what am I to do? Our eyes are shedding tears, our hearts are
burning, and our martyrs cannot come to life by our reprimanding and reproaching
you. My Hussein has been killed and the partisans of Satan are taking us to the
fools so that they may get their reward for insulting Allah. Our blood is
dripping from their hands and our flesh is falling down from their mouths. The
sacred bodies of the martyrs have been placed at the disposal of the wolves and
other carnivorous animals of the jungle. If you have gained something today by
shedding blood, you will certainly be a loser on the Day of Judgment. On that
day nothing but your deeds will count. On that day you will curse Ibn Marjana
and he will curse you. On that day you and your followers will quarrel with one
another by the side of the Divine scale of Justice. On that day you will see
that the best provision which your father made for you was that he enabled you
to kill the children of the Prophet of Allah. I swear by Allah that I do not
fear anyone except Him and do not complain to anyone else. You may employ your
deceit and cunning efforts, but I swear by Allah that the shame and disgrace
which you have earned by the treatment meted out to us cannot be eradicated”.
The daughter of Fatima Zahra ended her speech with offering thanks to Allah. She
said: “I thank Allah Who has concluded the task of the chiefs of the youths of
Paradise with prosperity and forgiveness and accommodated them in Paradise. I
pray to Allah that He may elevate their ranks and favor them more with His
kindness, for Allah is Omnipotent”.


Shrine of Hazrat Zaynab (SA)

Several cities boast shrines said to be built over Hazrat Zaynab’s grave.
One shrine is located in Damascus, Syria. There is also a shrine to Hazrat
Zaynab (SA) in Cairo, Egypt. Other traditions say that she was buried in Medina.

Hazrat Zaynab’s shrine in Damascus is a pilgrimage site for Shia Muslims.
The Shia revere Hazrat Zaynab (SA) and tell many stories detailing her love of
Imam Hussein (AS) and her defiance of Yazid.


Ziyarat of Hazrat Zainab (AS)

The following ziyarat (verbal salutation) for Bibi Zaynab (AS) is
traditionally recited to obtain divine blessing while visiting her shrine (in
this case, in Damascus, Syria). It can also be recited at any other time in
remembrance of the example of courage and submission that she presented to the
world, particularly on the acknowledged days of her birth, death, and during the
month of Muharram.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the Chief of prophets.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the Master of the sanctuary and the

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of him who was made to ascend to (highest)
heaven and reached the station of two bows' length (to Allah) or even closer.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the Leader of the pious.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of the support of the sincere friends (of

Peace be upon you. Oh daughter of the Leader of the Deen.

Peace be upon you. Oh daughter of the Commander of the faithful.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of him who struck with the sword of two

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of him who prayed towards the two qiblahs
[Jerusalem, then Mecca].

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of Muhammad, the chosen.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of Ali, the content (with the decree of

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of Fatima, the radiant.

Peace be upon you, Oh daughter of Khadija, the elder.

Peace be upon you. Oh righteous one, pleasing (to Allah).

Peace be upon you, Oh learned, rightly guided one.

Peace be upon you, Oh generous, noble one.

Peace be upon you, Oh pious, pure one.

Peace be upon you, Oh you who were thoroughly tested by sufferance like
Husayn, the oppressed.

Peace be upon you, Oh you who were kept far from your home.

Peace be upon you, Oh you who were held captive in cities.

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